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261 Características nutricionales de los escolares afrodescendientes de la costa pacífica Colombiana Afro region in Cauca (specifically, the municipalities of Guapi, Lopez de Micay and Timbiquí) given that National Surveys of the Nutritional Situation carried out in Colombia in 2005 and 2010 are the only formal reports that estimate the prevalence of the main nutritional problems of the Colombian population, but these are approximations and evidence the necessity to develop specific studies for each one of the departments of the country. BMI and height indicators showed that normal, risk of thinness and risk of stunting are status remaining in black schoolchildren with ages between 5 and 8 years and residents in rural areas. While the prevalence of excess of weight in this area that is insufficiently connected to the rest of the departments is associated to male who reside in Guapi and Lopez de Micay and female in Timbiquí with ages between 5 and 11 years. Results emphasize the need to identify, measure and monitor indicators of health, food habits, health services and sociodemographic aspects of families of schoolchildren target to provide specific information for successful national nutrition policy planning. Limitations The outcomes of this study contribute to enrich the scientific literature worldwide to support the nutritional differences among schoolchildren according to the ethnicity and geographical origin. However, this contribution has several limitations; analyzed variables were limited to those reported by PANES survey. Other variables such as dietary habits, physical activity, medical history, household income, family patterns and transportation were not included in the correlations. This is lacking information that would improve the understanding of findings. Nutritional status was inferred from BMI and height for age only, biochemical or additional anthropometric measurements might offer a wider perspective. Local clinic background does not support strictly the reported here given that public statistics of pandemic or chronic diseases suffered by Cauca population are not available. One final limitation is that the relationships among nutritional status of black schoolchildren residents in Cauca Pacific coast and Buenaventura Coast (seaport on the border area) were not established. These explorations would allow to evidence the impact of life conditions (from a point view of access to water and food, transportation, etc.) on nutritional prevalence of people with genetic similarities whose growth is carried out with similar food patterns. IMPLICATIONS FOR SCHOOL HEALTH A key finding of this study was the height ranges of assessed black children which is in agree with reported for similar population from other countries (16). This is a significant contribution to administrators of schools and politics leaders of these regions to conduct a timely monitoring. In addition, the frequency in physical activity in the schools seems be an important contributor to levels of excess weight which should be checked. Stunting levels had high prevalence in children less 10 years, and may need extra supervision into schools. Thus, school meals should ensure that access to food improves; in this sense, school gardens are important strategies which must be preserved to promote the consumption of healthy foods including fruits and vegetables (18). RESUMEN El presente artículo proporciona un diagnóstico sobre el estado nutricional de los escolares de la costa pacífica del Cauca en Colombia. Se realizó un análisis secundario de datos antropométricos públicos que están disponibles. Se determinaron los índices IMC/edad y talla/edad, la clasificación nutricional y su asociación con el género, etnia, edad y área geográfica de 6793 estudiantes de 5 a 18 años de los municipios de Guapi, López de Micay y Timbiquí. La normalidad fue el estado nutricional prevalente en los tres municipios para escolares de todas las edades de acuerdo al BMI y la talla (65.7% y 59.3 %, respectivamente); Guapi resultó ser el principal contribuyente. No hubo diferencias significativas de IMC y región entre hombres y mujeres. Los adolescentes entre 12 y 14 años tuvieron porcentajes de retraso en el crecimiento significativamente más elevados que los de otros rangos de edad. Los resultados destacan la necesidad de identificar, medir y monitorear los indicadores de salud, hábitos alimentarios y aspectos sociodemográficos de los escolares en esta región para explorar si los niños afrodescendientes se ajustan a los patrones de la OMS y para proveer información específica para un exitoso planeamiento de una política de nutrición nacional para esta población. Palabras clave: grupos étnicos, índice de masa corporal, retraso de crecimiento, estado nutricional, desarrollo infantil. Acknowledgements: Authors thank to Programa de Alimentación y Nutrición Escolar-PANES of the Government of Cauca (Colombia) for providing us the databases used in this study. REFERENCES 1. Centeno Z, Heredia AP, Ocampo P, Forero Y, Sarmiento O, Alvarez M, Estrada A, Samper B, Gempeler J, Rodríguez M. National Survey on the Nutritional Situation in Colombia 2010. 1st edn. Bogotá, Colombian Family Welfare Institute; 2011, p. 1-510. 2. Asher K, Ojeda D. Producing nature and making the state: Ordenamiento territorial in the Pacific lowlands of Colombia, Geoforum 2009; 40(3):292-302. 3. Reis M. Differences in nutritional outcomes between Brazilian white and black children, Econ Hum Biol. 2012; 10(2):174-88. 4. Kitsantas P, Kornides ML, Cantiello J, Wu H. Chronic physical health conditions among children of different racial/ ethnic backgrounds, Public Health 2013; 127(6):546-53. 5. Grueso L, Rosero C, Escobar A. The Process of Black Community Organizing in the Southern Pacific Coast Region of Colombia. Perspectives on Las Américas: A Reader in Culture, History, & Representation. Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 2008, p. 430-47. 6. Vanos JK. Children’s health and vulnerability in outdoor microclimates: A comprehensive review, Environ Int. 2015; 76(0):1-15. 7. Mehta NK, Lee H, Ylitalo KR. Child health in the United States: Recent trends in racial/ethnic disparities, Soc Sci Med. 2013; 95(0):6-15. 8. Asher K. Mobilizing the discourses of sustainable economic development and biodiversity conservation in the pacific lowlands of colombia, strategies: J Theory Culture Politics 2000; 13(1):111-25. 9. World Health Organization. Global database on body mass index, Geneve, WHO, 2014. 10. Ortega A, Chito D. Assessment of nutritional status of school population of argelia, colombia, Rev Salud Publica 2014; 16(4):547-59. 11. Ortega-Bonilla RA, Chito-Trujillo DM. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in schoolchildren of a rural Colombian


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