Dietary patterns among nutritionstudents at a public university in Brazil

Rev Nutr 43-1

Rev Chil Nutr Vol. 43, Nº1, 2016 39 Dietary patterns among nutrition students at a public university in Brazil Patrón alimentario de estudiantes de nutrición de una universidad pública de Brazil INTRODUCTION Entry to university brings new responsibilities to students in regards to food, housing and financial management (1). Within this context, the risk factors of an inappropriate lifestyle, represented by a sedentary lifestyle, psychosocial factors and the high demands of academia can contribute to the adoption of nutritionally unbalanced eating habits. Therefore, the risk of the development of chronic, non-communicable diseases increases (2, 3). On the other hand, enrolling in the course of nutrition provides access to information on nutritionally balanced eating habits. Thus, it is assumed that the knowledge acquired by the students of this course can positively influence the dietary patterns. This is defined as a set or group of foods normally consumed by individuals or populations (4). The identification of the eating patterns of the students is an important strategy for promoting balanced nutrition during the phase of graduation. However, there are still very Marcos Pereira-Santos (1,2) Jerusa da Mota Santana (2) Ana Caroline Neves de Carvalho (3) Fernanda Freitas (3) (1) Center of Biological Sciences and Health, Federal University of Western Bahia, Barreiras, Bahia, Brazil (2) Institute of Public health, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil (3) Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Recôncavo of Bahia, Santo Antônio de Jesus, Bahia, Brazil Author for correspondence: Marcos Pereira-Santos Escola de Nutrição, Núcleo de Epidemiologia e Nutrição, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Rua Araújo Pinho, 32 Canela, Salvador-BA CEP:40110-150, Brazil. E-mail: pereira-santosm@bol.com.b Este trabajo fue recibido el 21 de Julio de 2015 y aceptado para ser publicado el 30 de Octubre de 2015. ABSTRACT This cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the dietary patterns of 125 nutrition students in 2011, from public university in Bahia State, Brazil. The students answered a structured and validated questionnaire for this specific group that addressed socioeconomic and health aspects, family information, and food consumption. Dietary patterns were determined using factor analysis by principal components analysis. The mean age was 22.3 (SD: 3.75) years old. The majority (88%) of students were female. In relation to the dietary patterns of the students, 4 groups were identified and these patterns explained 59.8% of the total dietary variability. The pattern number 1, entitled “Traditional”, consisted of roots/tubers, legumes, dairy products, meat and eggs, fruit/natural juice and vegetables, and explained 21.53% of the variability of food consumption. Pattern 2, labeled “Exam Days” was made up of breads/cereals, sausages and artificial beverage accounted for 13.85% of the variability of food consumption. Pattern 3, entitled “End of Semester” was characterized predominantly by candy/sugar and snacks and represented 13.39% of the variability of food consumption. Pattern 4, labeled “Anxiety” which was made up of coffee/tea and fats, explained 11.08% of the variation of food consumption. It was observed that 38.1% of the students have inadequate food consumption because they are monotonous, and poor sources of fiber and vitamins. Key words: Eating behavior, dietary habits, diets, university, nutrition. few studies that evaluate the dietary patterns of university students, because most of the work identified in the literature only assesses nutrient and energy intake (5). This approach can be considered reductionist by solely analyzing nutrients, and not the complex interaction between food and/or nutrients. Thus, the dietary intake assessed by the dietary pattern analysis represents more reliably the eating habits of the population groups (5). From this perspective, this study aims to identify the dietary patterns of nutrition students at a public university in Brazil. METHODOLOGY Study design and population The study consists of a cross-sectional study, conducted from April to June 2011, with a sample of 125 undergraduate nutrition students from a public university in the state of Bahia, Brazil. To calculate the sample, the lifestyles of 277 individuals who regularly attended the course at different entry


Rev Nutr 43-1
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